Frequently Used Terms

Structural Violence
Social determinants of health
Health
Racism
Classism
Homophobia
Ableism
Ideology
Digital Narratives

 

 

Structural Violence

Structural violence refers to the often invisible patterns of inequality that lead to exclusion and lack of opportunity. These patterns are often composed of ideologies, stigmas or language around gender, race, class, and other markers of social identity. Structural forms of violence are often ‘normalized’ and embedded in the daily reality of people affected by it. Discussions of structural violence are important and complex because they involve accounting for the individual experience while seeking to understand those experiences within the broader social, structural, cultural, and historical contexts in which they occur.

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Social determinants of health

The social determinants of health are the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age. These circumstances are shaped by the distribution of money, power and resources at global, national and local levels.

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Health

Health means how young people are doing with their bodies, families, friends, communities, etc

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Racism

Racism is a belief that one race is superior to the other or the practice of treating a person or group of people differently on the basis of their race

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Classism

Classism is the belief that people from certain social or economic classes are superior to others

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Homophobia

Homophobia encompasses a range of negative attitudes and feelings toward homosexuality or people who are identified or perceived as being lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender (LGBT).

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Ableism

Discrimination or prejudice against individuals with disabilities

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Ideology

An ideology is a collection of beliefs shared by a group of people.

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Digital Narratives

Also referred to as Digital storytelling, it refers to any short form of digital media production that allows everyday people to share aspects of their life story. "Media" may include video with sound, animation, pictures, audio only, or any of the other forms of electronic media which people can use to tell a story or present an idea.

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What is structural violence?

Structural violence refers to the often invisible patterns of inequality that lead to exclusion and lack of opportunity. These patterns are often composed of ideologies, stigmas or language around gender, race, class, and other markers of social identity. Structural forms of violence are often ‘normalized’ and embedded in the daily reality of people affected by it. Discussions of structural violence are important and complex because they involve accounting for the individual experience while seeking to understand those experiences within the broader social, structural, cultural, and historical contexts in which they occur.

Working in partnership with youth, academic researchers, community-based knowledge users and government partners, Voices against Violence: Youth Stories Create Change will work with diverse research groups in order to understand the various aspects of structural violence – including racism, classism, homophobia, ableism and others – from the perspectives of people of ages 16 to 24.

French project name

La jeunesse se raconte : Des voix s'élèvent contre la violence, pour le changement

 

Evaluation

All aspects of this project will be evaluated to examine the efficacy of our collaborative engagement with youth using participatory action research (PAR) methods as a health promotion strategy. This will include evaluating outcomes as well as processes using a variety of quantitative, qualitative, and arts-based methods. Together, this information will be used to assess whether the dual objectives of engaging diverse groups of youth and involving them as true collaborators in the design and implementation of the research were realized. Knowledge gained from evaluations at each site will be shared widely and used to enhance future processes thus providing a continuous feedback loop which can add to learnings as the project evolves.

Research team members login here for Evaluation Protocol

Objectives

Grid photoThe overall purpose of Voices against Violence is:

  • To examine how structural violence is experienced by youth in Canada, how it influences their health, and strategies that can be used to address and prevent violence.
  • Evaluate how collaborative engagement with youth can promote health by empowering them to address structural violence in their lives.

We hope to achieve these goals through the following objectives:

  • Examine how structural forms of violence are defined, understood and experienced by youth.
  • Examine, from the perspectives of youth, how structural violence shapes their health and wellbeing.
  • Examine policies to identify how institutions contribute to the victimization or vulnerability of diverse groups of youth, and how these policies influence them.
  • Analyse the role of media in the lives of youth, paying attention to issues of identity, belonging/exclusion, health and sense of self.
  • Evaluate the use of youth-centered participatory action research as a health promotion strategy.